Don't worry -- it happens! Here are some useful phrases to try. Much like in the US, you can buy cheese at the deli counter. Near the deli there is usually some already pre-packaged and pre-weighed cheeses for you to browse as well. Personally, I like my cheese fresh cut, so I recommend going to the deli versus buying it pre-packaged.
Alternatively you can get cheese from a caseificio, which is a shop that specializes in dairy products. Hint: Rachel prefers 24 months to 12 months aged… the 24 months aging time makes it not too hard, and not too soft, but you can find both younger and older. Carlotta says that the 36 months is the best but to be prepared for a veeeery high cost! I prefer the Sardo version slightly more to me it tastes more earthy , but they are all delicious. You can find fresh pecorino, aged, or super aged pecorino cheeses. Ricotta: Want to know my secret to buying a good ricotta?
I love an afternoon snack of ricotta on toast drizzled with oil and salt. Oggi vorrei tre etti di pecorino. Today I would like grams of pecorino. Burrata: Burrata is essentially mozzarella, but a softer, milkier, buttery version. Abbiamo pecorino sardo o toscano. We have pecorino from Sardinia and Tuscany. Delicious with an antipasto or some fresh tomatoes and olives! Denominazione di Origine Protetta or Protected Designation of Origin, which means it was produced according to super strict standards. This label is definitely something you want to look for when buying a cheese like parmigiano.
In episode of the 30 Minute Italian Podcast, Rachel and I talk about what Christmas holiday is coming up in Florence and the reality of being a foreigner - an American - in Italy. Special thanks to 4barrelcarb on freesound. Sono di fretta. I had to get lots of help from our lovely in-house native Italian editor, Carlotta. Access special features like Cher's favorite, Long-Term Learning. With Quizlet Plus, you'll also have offline access for studying Italian on the go; Night Theme, for studying late at night; enhanced audio, so you can record yourself speaking Italian; and more.
Rachel and I talk about what others have been talking about from the news a lot in Italy, what holiday just passed in Florence, and what it's like to be pregnant in Italy. We snaked our way through the streets of Florence as we made our way to il mercato di Sant'Ambrogio. Now, every participant who comes on the trip receives a situation-specific workbook that gives them phrases and vocabulary to study before coming on the trip to help them prepare for these spontaneous conversations.
Mi piace tantissimo il suo metodo di insegnamento. I really like the way she teaches. I still make mistakes… I often use the imperfect when I should use the past tense. Cher: Piano, piano. Hai dei compiti? Do you have homework? Lei vuole capire meglio il mio livello. To download this worksheet in PDF, click here. It has to be one of the top ten most frequently asked questions when you meet somebody while abroad in Italy.
E poi, che altro? Oh e ci sono molti sentieri per fare trekking. And then, what else is there? Oh and there are lots of hiking trails. You have got to try the huckleberry flavor. Hopefully those phrases help keep your conversation going and give you plenty to work with so you can describe where you live. You can hit a star rating in your Podcasts app on your iPhone or go to the iTunes store and click Leave a Review o n the show page. Learn 11 phrases to say goodbye in Italian. This is also the LAST episode of the podcast, so you'll want to listen in to hear about what's next and why I've decided to end it.
You'll learn what a beginner language learner's schedule looks like, the type of activities you can do as a beginner, and where you might hold yourself back from making progress. How do you know when to use "tu" and when to use "Lei" in when addressing someone in Italian? This podcast episode gives you 6 guidelines you can use to choose the correct form.
Phrases to use with an Italian language partner when you're chatting for the first time, when you forget a phrase or when you're trying to talk about various topics. An interview with four different Italian learners about their challenges, their strengths and how they're preparing for upcoming trips to Italy.
An interview with the founder of the blog languagehero. How Italian prepositions differ from English prepositions and how 'di,' 'da,' and 'in' are used in unexpected ways. In this podcast, I will discuss a few of the things that I am currently struggling with in Italian. Rachel Vermiglio Smith, managing editor at The Iceberg Project, discusses her love for Italian and what it was like to move to Florence.
Vocabulary for making dessert in Italian. This episode focuses on a torta di mele recipe from the website Lo Spicchio d'Aglio. Learn effective strategies for increasing your fluency and learning vocabulary in Italian with trip planner Madeline Jhawar. Need practice choosing between the imperfect and the past tense in Italian?
Take this quick question quiz. How to express forms of probability in Italian. How to discuss what you're wondering about in Italian. How I learned Italian, got mixed up in the Italian culture, what I'm doing now to continue learning Italian and what I plan to do in the future to keep improving my Italian. How to talk about the rain, shine, snow, humid or any other weather in Italian. Great for making conversation if you can't think of anything else to say! Hear Jasmine Mah the mind behind the blog Questa Dolce Vita explain her experience with the Italian language and what it's like to move to Italy and plan a wedding in a new country.
How and when to use the trapassato prossimo in Italian in order to talk about things that have happened in the past. When and how to use the Italian verbs bastare, mancare and piacere. How to be enthusiastic in a more Italian way and grow your vocabulary with 15 ways to express your excitement in Italian. Once you visit southern Italy, you feel like you've seen an entirely different world while in the same country, which is what I imagine Cherrye Moore experienced upon moving to Calabria with her native Italian husband. What I think is most special about our chat is her favorite parts of Italy, one of which makes you feel so at home even if you were never born there, which for many of us without any native Italian blood is one of the greatest gifts Italy has to give.
The way you think about yourself as a language learner can get in the way of how well you learn the language. Here's how to put your doubts about yourself to sleep. Learn how to say descriptions for hair color, eye color, height, weight, and nationality in Italian. An interview with Emanuele Venditti in which you'll learn why pronunciation is more imporant than grammar, three new sayings to use with friends and in stories and common mistakes made with the subjunctive tense. You'll also hear about his vision for an online platform with which you can learn and speak Italian with natives on a weekly basis.
Learn how Tiffany Parks ended up as an expat in Rome, Italy and how she used her love of opera to connect with the Italian language. You'll also learn her four methods for learning the language, two tips for avoiding dangerous situations in Italy and how she got the ball rolling on her move to a new country. Using the present subjunctive mood to express doubts, wishes and uncertainties and using the the present indicative to express a certainty or fact in Italian.
Some motivation for those days that you just don't feel like learning a new grammar tense or vocabulary words. Alexandra Lawrence tells you exactly what it takes to make it as an expat while learning the culture through the language. Here are twelve phrases in Italian that are typically used with the subjunctive mood to express thoughts, opinions, desires, fear, etc.
Learn how to write a birthday card in Italian to a friend, your significant other, family, or on Twitter. Learn three verbs that every beginner should master in Italian in the past tense, present tense, subjunctive tense, and future tense. Categories general Archives Dinner Conversation. Cosa prendi? Come si chiama quel ristorante? Prepari i piatti italiani a casa? Cosa faremo domani? A cosa brindiamo? Cosa hai comprato al mercato? It was my first time seeing the David!
Like the podcast? Leave a review in Apple Podcasts! Native Italian Recording Making Plans. Ciao mia cara, Come stai? G -- Mi piace come mi baci. PG -- Ti aspetto. False Friends in Italian. Ripetere does indeed mean to repeat. Avocado means avocado. Camera - Room - Not photography camera, macchina fotografica 3.
Casino - mess - Not casino where you gamble 4. Preservativo - Condom - NOT a preservative conservante in foods or like jam marmellata 5. Le terme - thermal baths - NOT school term 7. I parenti - relatives - NOT parents, genitori 8. Scheda - sheet, card, note paper - NOT a schedule, orario 9. Comprensivo - understanding - NOT comprehensive, completo, esauriente Crudo - Raw - NOT crude - rozzo, esplicito Educato - polite - NOT educated, erudito Libreria - bookstore - NOT a library, biblioteca Noioso - boring - NOT noisy, rumoroso Sensibile - sensitive - NOT sensible, ragionevole Fattoria - farm - Factory - fabbrica - Accidente - stroke, shock - NOT accident, incidente Phrases to Order Pizza and Gelato in Italian.
Ordering Pizza I really like pasta cacio e pepe is my favorite , gelato fragola, every day all day , and cheese pecorino forever and ever , but pizza? Ordering Gelato And after? So, to get you started, here are four must-know phrases. WAY 1: Then -- E poi, mi ha baciato. Compliments to Give in Italian. How to Shop at a Market in Italy. Basic Market Vocabulary First, there are a handful of different types of markets.
Italian Word Speed Date: Tanto. Carlotta: No, no, dai, non ti preoccupare. Tanto, oggi vado al supermercato comunque. Rachel: Nonsense! Really, I was going to the supermarket today regardless. Non abbiamo fretta, tanto andiamo in macchina ci metteremo al massimo 5 minuti. Its largest EU trade partners, in order of market share, are Germany The automotive industry is a significant part of the Italian manufacturing sector, with over , firms and almost , employed people in ,  and a contribution of 8. Italy is part of the European single market which represents more than million consumers.
Several domestic commercial policies are determined by agreements among European Union EU members and by EU legislation. Italy introduced the common European currency, the Euro in Its monetary policy is set by the European Central Bank. Italy has been hit hard by the Financial crisis of —08 , that exacerbated the country's structural problems. A gaping North—South divide is a major factor of socio-economic weakness. Italy has a strong cooperative sector, with the largest share of the population 4.
According to the last national agricultural census, there were 1. The remainder is primarily dedicated to pastures Italy is the world's largest wine producer ,  and one of the leading in olive oil , fruits apples , olives , grapes , oranges , lemons , pears , apricots , hazelnuts , peaches , cherries , plums , strawberries and kiwifruits , and vegetables especially artichokes and tomatoes.
This geographical indication certificate , which is attributed by the European Union , is considered important in order to avoid confusion with low-quality mass-produced ersatz products. In the transport sector in Italy generated a turnover of about In , about 34,, passenger cars cars per 1, people and 4,, goods vehicles circulated on the national road network. In there were approximately 30 main airports, including the two hubs of Malpensa International in Milan and Leonardo da Vinci International in Rome, and 43 major seaports, including the seaport of Genoa , the country's largest and second largest in the Mediterranean Sea.
In Italy maintained a civilian air fleet of about , units and a merchant fleet of ships. Italy does not invest enough to maintain its drinking water supply. The Galli Law, passed in , aimed at raising the level of investment and to improve service quality by consolidating service providers, making them more efficient and increasing the level of cost recovery through tariff revenues.
Despite these reforms, investment levels have declined and remain far from sufficient. Through the centuries, Italy has fostered the scientific community that produced many major discoveries in physics and the other sciences. During the Renaissance Italian polymaths such as Leonardo da Vinci — , Michelangelo — and Leon Battista Alberti — made important contributions to a variety of fields, including biology, architecture, and engineering. Galileo Galilei — , a physicist, mathematician and astronomer, played a major role in the Scientific Revolution.
His achievements include key improvements to the telescope and consequent astronomical observations, and ultimately the triumph of Copernicanism over the Ptolemaic model. Other astronomers suchs as Giovanni Domenico Cassini — and Giovanni Schiaparelli — made many important discoveries about the Solar System. Fibonacci c.
Luca Pacioli established accounting to the world. Physicist Enrico Fermi — , a Nobel prize laureate, led the team in Chicago that developed the first nuclear reactor and is also noted for his many other contributions to physics, including the co-development of the quantum theory and was one of the key figures in the creation of the nuclear weapon. He, Emilio G. Other prominent physicists include: Amedeo Avogadro most noted for his contributions to molecular theory , in particular the Avogadro's law and the Avogadro constant , Evangelista Torricelli inventor of barometer , Alessandro Volta inventor of electric battery , Guglielmo Marconi inventor of radio , Galileo Ferraris and Antonio Pacinotti , pioneers of the induction motor, Alessandro Cruto , pioneer of light bulb and Innocenzo Manzetti , eclectic pioneer of auto and robotics, Ettore Majorana who discovered the Majorana fermions , Carlo Rubbia Nobel Prize in Physics for work leading to the discovery of the W and Z particles at CERN.
Antonio Meucci is known for developing a voice-communication device which is often credited as the first telephone. In biology, Francesco Redi has been the first to challenge the theory of spontaneous generation by demonstrating that maggots come from eggs of flies and he described parasites in details and Marcello Malpighi founded microscopic anatomy , Lazzaro Spallanzani conducted important research in bodily functions, animal reproduction, and cellular theory, Camillo Golgi , whose many achievements include the discovery of the Golgi complex , paved the way to the acceptance of the Neuron doctrine , Rita Levi-Montalcini discovered the nerve growth factor awarded Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
In chemistry, Giulio Natta received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in for his work on high polymers. Giuseppe Occhialini received the Wolf Prize in Physics for the discovery of the pion or pi- meson decay in Ennio de Giorgi , a Wolf Prize in Mathematics recipient in , solved Bernstein's problem about minimal surfaces and the 19th Hilbert problem on the regularity of solutions of Elliptic partial differential equations. Italy is the fifth most visited country in the world, with a total of At the end of , Italy had 60,, inhabitants.
However, the distribution of the population is widely uneven. The most densely populated areas are the Po Valley that accounts for almost a half of the national population and the metropolitan areas of Rome and Naples, while vast regions such as the Alps and Apennines highlands, the plateaus of Basilicata and the island of Sardinia are very sparsely populated.
The population of Italy almost doubled during the 20th century, but the pattern of growth was extremely uneven because of large-scale internal migration from the rural South to the industrial cities of the North, a phenomenon which happened as a consequence of the Italian economic miracle of the —s.
High fertility and birth rates persisted until the s, after which they started to decline. The population rapidly aged.
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At the end of the s decade , one in five Italians was over 65 years old. From the late 19th century until the s Italy was a country of mass emigration. Between and , the peak years of Italian diaspora , approximately , Italians emigrated each year. Source:  . In , Italy had about 5. Starting from the early s, until then a linguistically and culturally homogeneous society, Italy begun to attract substantial flows of foreign immigrants. An equally important source of immigration is neighbouring North Africa in particular, Morocco , Egypt and Tunisia , with soaring arrivals as a consequence of the Arab Spring.
Furthermore, in recent years, growing migration fluxes from Asia-Pacific notably China  and the Philippines and Latin America have been recorded. The number of unregistered Romanians is difficult to estimate, but the Balkan Investigative Reporting Network suggested in that there might have been half a million or more. Italy's official language is Italian , as stated by the framework law no.
There are an estimated 64 million native Italian speakers    and another 21 million who use it as a second language. Standardisation was further expanded in the s and s due to economic growth and the rise of mass media and television the state broadcaster RAI helped set a standard Italian.
Because of recent immigration, Italy has sizeable populations whose native language is not Italian, nor a regional language. According to the Italian National Institute of Statistics , Romanian is the most common mother tongue among foreign residents in Italy: almost , people speak Romanian as their first language Other prevalent mother tongues are Arabic spoken by over , people; In , the proportion of Italians who identified themselves as Roman Catholic was It is recognised by other subjects of international law as a sovereign entity, headed by the Pope , who is also the Bishop of Rome , with which diplomatic relations can be maintained.
In , minority Christian faiths in Italy included an estimated 1. One of the longest-established minority religious faiths in Italy is Judaism , Jews having been present in Ancient Rome since before the birth of Christ. Italy has for centuries welcomed Jews expelled from other countries, notably Spain. Soaring immigration in the last two decades has been accompanied by an increase in non-Christian faiths. There are more than , followers of faiths originating in the Indian subcontinent with some 70, Sikhs with 22 gurdwaras across the country, .
The Italian state, as a measure to protect religious freedom, devolves shares of income tax to recognised religious communities, under a regime known as Eight per thousand. Donations are allowed to Christian, Jewish, Buddhist and Hindu communities; however, Islam remains excluded, since no Muslim communities have yet signed a concordat with the Italian state.
Primary education lasts eight years. Students are given a basic education in Italian, English, mathematics, natural sciences, history, geography, social studies, physical education and visual and musical arts. Secondary education lasts for five years and includes three traditional types of schools focused on different academic levels: the liceo prepares students for university studies with a classical or scientific curriculum, while the istituto tecnico and the Istituto professionale prepare pupils for vocational education.
In , the Italian secondary education was evaluated as slightly below the OECD average, with a strong and steady improvement in science and mathematics results since ;  however, a wide gap exists between northern schools, which performed significantly better than the national average among the best in the world in some subjects , and schools in the South , that had much poorer results. Tertiary education in Italy is divided between public universities , private universities and the prestigious and selective superior graduate schools , such as the Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa.
The Italian state runs a universal public healthcare system since The public part is the Servizio Sanitario Nazionale , which is organised under the Ministry of Health and administered on a devolved regional basis. Healthcare spending in Italy accounted for 9. Life expectancy in Italy is 80 for males and 85 for females, placing the country 5th in the world for life expectancy. For centuries divided by politics and geography until its eventual unification in , Italy's culture has been shaped by a multitude of regional customs and local centres of power and patronage.
During the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, a number of magnificent courts competed for attracting the best architects, artists and scholars, thus producing a great legacy of monuments, paintings, music and literature. Despite the political and social isolation of these courts, Italy's contribution to the cultural and historical heritage of Europe and the world remain immense.
The country has had a broad cultural influence worldwide, also because numerous Italians emigrated to other places during the Italian diaspora.
Italy - Wikipedia
Furthermore, Italy has, overall, an estimated , monuments of any sort museums, palaces, buildings, statues, churches, art galleries, villas, fountains, historic houses and archaeological remains ,  and according to some estimates the nation is home to half the world's great art treasures. Italy is known for its considerable architectural achievements,  such as the construction of arches, domes and similar structures during ancient Rome , the founding of the Renaissance architectural movement in the lateth to 16th centuries, and being the homeland of Palladianism , a style of construction which inspired movements such as that of Neoclassical architecture , and influenced the designs which noblemen built their country houses all over the world, notably in the UK, Australia and the US during the late 17th to early 20th centuries.
Along with pre-historic architecture, the first people in Italy to truly begin a sequence of designs were the Greeks and the Etruscans, progressing to classical Roman,  then to the revival of the classical Roman era during the Renaissance and evolving into the Baroque era. The Christian concept of a Basilica, a style of church architecture that came to dominate the early Middle Ages, was invented in Rome.
They were known for being long, rectangular buildings, which were built in an almost ancient Roman style, often rich in mosaics and decorations. The early Christians' art and architecture was also widely inspired by that of the pagan Romans; statues, mosaics and paintings decorated all their churches.
Byzantine architecture was also widely diffused in Italy. The Byzantines kept Roman principles of architecture and art alive, and the most famous structure from this period is the Basilica of St. Mark in Venice. The Romanesque movement, which went from approximately AD to AD, was one of the most fruitful and creative periods in Italian architecture, when several masterpieces, such as the Leaning Tower of Pisa in the Piazza dei Miracoli , and the Basilica of Sant'Ambrogio in Milan were built.
It was known for its usage of the Roman arches, stained glass windows, and also its curved columns which commonly featured in cloisters. The main innovation of Italian Romanesque architecture was the vault, which had never been seen before in the history of Western architecture. The greatest flowering of Italian architecture took place during the Renaissance. Filippo Brunelleschi made great contributions to architectural design with his dome for the Cathedral of Florence, a feat of engineering that had not been accomplished since antiquity.
Peter's Basilica, originally designed by Donato Bramante in the early 16th century. Also, Andrea Palladio influenced architects throughout western Europe with the villas and palaces he designed in the middle and late 16th century; the city of Vicenza , with its twenty-three buildings designed by Palladio, and twenty-four Palladian Villas of the Veneto are listed by UNESCO as part of a World Heritage Site named City of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the Veneto. The Baroque period produced several outstanding Italian architects in the 17th century, especially known for their churches.
The most original work of all late Baroque and Rococo architecture is the Palazzina di caccia di Stupinigi , dating back to 18th century. In this large complex, the grandiose Baroque style interiors and gardens are opposed to a more sober building envelope. Everything from villas, palaces, gardens, interiors and art began to be based on Roman and Greek themes.
During the Fascist period, the so-called " Novecento movement " flourished, based on the rediscovery of imperial Rome, with figures such as Gio Ponti and Giovanni Muzio. Marcello Piacentini , responsible for the urban transformations of several cities in Italy and remembered for the disputed Via della Conciliazione in Rome, devised a form of simplified Neoclassicism.
The history of Italian visual art is one of the most important parts of Western painting history. Roman art was influenced by Greece and can in part be taken as a descendant of ancient Greek painting.
However, Roman painting does have important unique characteristics. The only surviving Roman paintings are wall paintings, many from villas in Campania , in Southern Italy. Panel painting becomes more common during the Romanesque period, under the heavy influence of Byzantine icons. Towards the middle of the 13th century, Medieval art and Gothic painting became more realistic, with the beginnings of interest in the depiction of volume and perspective in Italy with Cimabue and then his pupil Giotto.
From Giotto on, the treatment of composition by the best painters also became much more free and innovative. They are considered to be the two great medieval masters of painting in western culture. The Italian Renaissance is said by many to be the golden age of painting; roughly spanning the 14th through the midth centuries with a significant influence also out of the borders of modern Italy. In Italy artists like Paolo Uccello , Fra Angelico , Masaccio , Piero della Francesca , Andrea Mantegna , Filippo Lippi , Giorgione , Tintoretto , Sandro Botticelli , Leonardo da Vinci , Michelangelo Buonarroti , Raphael , Giovanni Bellini , and Titian took painting to a higher level through the use of perspective , the study of human anatomy and proportion, and through their development of an unprecedented refinement in drawing and painting techniques.
In the 15th and 16th centuries, the High Renaissance gave rise to a stylised art known as Mannerism. In place of the balanced compositions and rational approach to perspective that characterised art at the dawn of the 16th century, the Mannerists sought instability, artifice, and doubt. The unperturbed faces and gestures of Piero della Francesca and the calm Virgins of Raphael are replaced by the troubled expressions of Pontormo and the emotional intensity of El Greco.
Subsequently, in the 18th century, Italian Rococo was mainly inspired by French Rococo, since France was the founding nation of that particular style, with artists such as Giovanni Battista Tiepolo and Canaletto. Italian Neoclassical sculpture focused, with Antonio Canova 's nudes, on the idealist aspect of the movement. In the 20th century, with Futurism , primarily through the works of Umberto Boccioni and Giacomo Balla , Italy rose again as a seminal country for artistic evolution in painting and sculpture.
Futurism was succeeded by the metaphysical paintings of Giorgio de Chirico , who exerted a strong influence on the Surrealists and generations of artists to follow like Bruno Caruso and Renato Guttuso. Formal Latin literature began in BC, when the first stage play was performed in Rome. The Romans were also famous for their oral tradition, poetry, drama and epigrams.
Francis of Assisi was considered the first Italian poet by literary critics, with his religious song Canticle of the Sun. Another Italian voice originated in Sicily. The most important of these poets was the notary Giacomo da Lentini , inventor of the sonnet form, though the most famous early sonneteer was Petrarch. Guido Guinizelli is considered the founder of the Dolce Stil Novo , a school that added a philosophical dimension to traditional love poetry. This new understanding of love, expressed in a smooth, pure style, influenced Guido Cavalcanti and the Florentine poet Dante Alighieri , who established the basis of the modern Italian language ; his greatest work, the Divine Comedy , is considered among the foremost literary statements produced in Europe during the Middle Ages ; furthermore, the poet invented the difficult terza rima.
The two great writers of the 14th century, Petrarch and Giovanni Boccaccio , sought out and imitated the works of antiquity and cultivated their own artistic personalities. Petrarch achieved fame through his collection of poems, Il Canzoniere. Petrarch's love poetry served as a model for centuries. Equally influential was Boccaccio's The Decameron , one of the most popular collections of short stories ever written. Italian Renaissance authors produced a number of important works. Another important work of the period, Ludovico Ariosto 's Orlando Furioso , continuation of Matteo Maria Boiardo 's unfinished romance Orlando Innamorato , is perhaps the greatest chivalry poem ever written.
Baldassare Castiglione 's dialogue The Book of the Courtier describes the ideal of the perfect court gentleman and of spiritual beauty. The lyric poet Torquato Tasso in Jerusalem Delivered wrote a Christian epic, making use of the ottava rima , with attention to the Aristotelian canons of unity.
Giovanni Francesco Straparola and Giambattista Basile , which have written The Facetious Nights of Straparola — and the Pentamerone respectively, printed some of the first known versions of fairy tales in Europe. The Baroque period also produced the clear scientific prose of Galileo as well as Tommaso Campanella 's The City of the Sun , a description of a perfect society ruled by a philosopher-priest. At the end of the 17th century, the Arcadians began a movement to restore simplicity and classical restraint to poetry, as in Metastasio 's heroic melodramas.
In the 18th century, playwright Carlo Goldoni created full written plays, many portraying the middle class of his day. The Romanticism coincided with some ideas of the Risorgimento , the patriotic movement that brought Italy political unity and freedom from foreign domination. Italian writers embraced Romanticism in the early 19th century. The works by Alessandro Manzoni , the leading Italian Romantic, are a symbol of the Italian unification for their patriotic message and because of his efforts in the development of the modern, unified Italian language; his novel The Betrothed was the first Italian historical novel to glorify Christian values of justice and Providence, and it has been called the most famous and widely read novel in the Italian language.
In the late 19th century, a realistic literary movement called Verismo played a major role in Italian literature; Giovanni Verga and Luigi Capuana were its main exponents. In the same period, Emilio Salgari , writer of action adventure swashbucklers and a pioneer of science fiction, published his Sandokan series. Filippo Tommaso Marinetti wrote Manifesto of Futurism , called for the use of language and metaphors that glorified the speed, dynamism, and violence of the machine age.
Italian theatre can be traced back to the Roman tradition. The theatre of ancient Rome was a thriving and diverse art form, ranging from festival performances of street theatre, nude dancing, and acrobatics, to the staging of Plautus 's broadly appealing situation comedies, to the high-style, verbally elaborate tragedies of Seneca.
Although Rome had a native tradition of performance, the Hellenization of Roman culture in the 3rd century BCE had a profound and energising effect on Roman theatre and encouraged the development of Latin literature of the highest quality for the stage. As with many other literary genres, Roman dramatists was heavily influenced or tended to adapt from the Greek.
For example, Seneca's Phaedra was based on that of Euripides , and many of the comedies of Plautus were direct translations of works by Menander. During the 16th century and on into the 18th century, Commedia dell'arte was a form of improvisational theatre , and it is still performed today. Travelling troupes of players would set up an outdoor stage and provide amusement in the form of juggling , acrobatics and, more typically, humorous plays based on a repertoire of established characters with a rough storyline, called canovaccio. Plays did not originate from written drama but from scenarios called lazzi , which were loose frameworks that provided the situations, complications, and outcome of the action, around which the actors would improvise.
The characters of the commedia usually represent fixed social types and stock characters , each of which has a distinct costume , such as foolish old men, devious servants, or military officers full of false bravado. The main categories of these characters include servants, old men, lovers, and captains. Carlo Goldoni , who wrote a few scenarios starting in , supersed the comedy of masks and the comedy of intrigue by representations of actual life and manners through the characters and their behaviours.
He rightly maintained that Italian life and manners were susceptible of artistic treatment such as had not been given them before. The Teatro di San Carlo in Naples is the oldest continuously active venue for public opera in the world, opening in , decades before both the Milan's La Scala and Venice's La Fenice theatres. From folk music to classical , music has always played an important role in Italian culture. Instruments associated with classical music, including the piano and violin, were invented in Italy,   and many of the prevailing classical music forms, such as the symphony , concerto, and sonata , can trace their roots back to innovations of 16th- and 17th-century Italian music.
Modern Italian composers such as Berio and Nono proved significant in the development of experimental and electronic music. While the classical music tradition still holds strong in Italy, as evidenced by the fame of its innumerable opera houses, such as La Scala of Milan and San Carlo of Naples the oldest continuously active venue for public opera in the world ,  and performers such as the pianist Maurizio Pollini and tenor Luciano Pavarotti , Italians have been no less appreciative of their thriving contemporary music scene.
Italy is widely known for being the birthplace of opera. La Scala operahouse in Milan is also renowned as one of the best in the world. Introduced in the early s, jazz took a particularly strong foothold in Italy, and remained popular despite the xenophobic cultural policies of the Fascist regime. Today, the most notable centres of jazz music in Italy include Milan, Rome, and Sicily. In the early s, the first star to emerge from the Italian hip hop scene was singer Jovanotti. Italy was also an important country in the development of disco and electronic music , with Italo disco , known for its futuristic sound and prominent use of synthesisers and drum machines , being one of the earliest electronic dance genres, as well as European forms of disco aside from Euro disco which later went on to influence several genres such as Eurodance and Nu-disco.
By the latter half of the s, a subgenre of Eurodance known as Italo dance emerged. Taking influences from Italo disco and Italo house, Italo dance generally included synthesizer riffs, a melodic sound, and the usage of vocoders. Producers such as Giorgio Moroder , who won three Academy Awards and four Golden Globes for his music, were highly influential in the development of electronic dance music.
Other companies soon followed in Milan and in Naples. In a short time these first companies reached a fair producing quality, and films were soon sold outside Italy. After the war, Italian film was widely recognised and exported until an artistic decline around the s. The mids to the early s was the heyday of neorealist films , reflecting the poor condition of post-war Italy. As the country grew wealthier in the s, a form of neorealism known as pink neorealism succeeded, and other film genres , such as sword-and-sandal followed as spaghetti westerns , were popular in the s and s.
Actresses such as Sophia Loren , Giulietta Masina and Gina Lollobrigida achieved international stardom during this period. Erotic Italian thrillers, or giallos , produced by directors such as Mario Bava and Dario Argento in the s, also influenced the horror genre worldwide. In the s, the number of international productions being made there led to Rome's being dubbed " Hollywood on the Tiber ".
More than 3, productions have been made on its lot, of which 90 received an Academy Award nomination and 47 of these won it, from some cinema classics to recent rewarded features such as Roman Holiday , Ben-Hur , Cleopatra , Romeo and Juliet , The English Patient , The Passion of the Christ , and Gangs of New York. The most popular sport in Italy is, by far, football. Italy's top-flight club football league is named Serie A and is followed by millions of fans around the world.
Other popular team sports in Italy include volleyball , basketball and rugby. Italy's male and female national volleyball teams are often featured among the world's best. The Italian national basketball team 's best results were gold at Eurobasket and EuroBasket , as well as silver at the Olympics in Lega Basket Serie A is widely considered one of the most competitive in Europe.
Rugby union enjoys a good level of popularity, especially in the north of the country. Italy ranks as a tier-one nation by World Rugby. The men's volleyball team won three consecutive World Championships in , , and and earned the Olympic silver medal in , , and Italy has a long and successful tradition in individual sports as well. Bicycle racing is a very familiar sport in the country.
Alpine skiing is also a very widespread sport in Italy, and the country is a popular international skiing destination, known for its ski resorts. Tennis has a significant following in Italy, ranking as the fourth most practised sport in the country. Italian professional tennis players won the Davis Cup in and the Fed Cup in , , and Motorsports are also extremely popular in Italy. Italian Scuderia Ferrari is the oldest surviving team in Grand Prix racing, having competed since , and statistically the most successful Formula One team in history with a record of wins.
Historically, Italy has been successful in the Olympic Games , taking part from the first Olympiad and in 47 Games out of Italian sportsmen have won medals at the Summer Olympic Games , and another at the Winter Olympic Games , for a combined total of medals with golds, which makes them the fifth most successful nation in Olympic history for total medals. The country hosted two Winter Olympics and will host a third in , , and , and one Summer games in Italian fashion has a long tradition , and is regarded as one most important in the world.
Milan, Florence and Rome are Italy's main fashion capitals. Also, the fashion magazine Vogue Italia , is considered one of the most prestigious fashion magazines in the world. Italy is also prominent in the field of design, notably interior design, architectural design , industrial design and urban design. The country has produced some well-known furniture designers, such as Gio Ponti and Ettore Sottsass , and Italian phrases such as "Bel Disegno" and "Linea Italiana" have entered the vocabulary of furniture design. The city of Milan hosts Fiera Milano , Europe's largest design fair.
The Italian cuisine has developed through centuries of social and political changes, with roots as far back as the 4th century BC. Italian cuisine in itself takes heavy influences, including Etruscan , ancient Greek , ancient Roman , Byzantine , and Jewish. The Mediterranean diet forms the basis of Italian cuisine, rich in pasta , fish, fruits and vegetables and characterised by its extreme simplicity and variety, with many dishes having only four to eight ingredients.
A key factor in the success of Italian cuisine is its heavy reliance on traditional products; Italy has the most traditional specialities protected under EU law. Public holidays celebrated in Italy include religious, national and regional observances. The Saint Lucy's Day , which take place on 13 December, is very popular among children in some Italian regions, where she plays a role similar to Santa Claus.
There are many festivals and festivities in Italy. The prestigious Venice International Film Festival , awarding the " Golden Lion " and held annually since , is the oldest film festival in the world. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the country. For other uses, see Italy disambiguation. For other uses, see Italia disambiguation. Show globe. Show map of Europe. German is co-official in South Tyrol ; French is co-official in the Aosta Valley ; Slovene is co-official in the province of Trieste and the province of Gorizia ; Ladin is co-official in South Tyrol, in Trentino and in other northern areas; Sardinian is co-official in Sardinia.
The euro is accepted in Campione d'Italia but its official currency is the Swiss franc. Main article: Name of Italy. Main article: History of Italy. Etruscan fresco in the Monterozzi necropolis , 5th century BC. The Sassi cave houses of Matera are among the first human settlements in Italy dating back to the Paleolithic. Main article: Ancient Rome. The Colosseum in Rome, built c. The Roman Empire at its greatest extent, AD. Main article: Italy in the Middle Ages. See also: Barbarian kingdoms. Main article: Italian unification. Giuseppe Mazzini left , highly influential leader of the Italian revolutionary movement; and Giuseppe Garibaldi right , celebrated as one of the greatest generals of modern times  and the " Hero of the Two Worlds ",  who commanded and fought in many military campaigns that led to the Italian unification.
Main article: History of the Italian Republic. Main article: Geography of Italy. Appennine landscape in Marche. Vernazza , one of the five villages of the Cinque Terre on the Ligurian Riviera. See also: List of rivers of Italy and List of lakes of Italy. Dolphins in the Tyrrhenian Sea off the Aeolian Islands. Flamingos in the delta of the Po river. See also: Volcanology of Italy. See also: List of national parks of Italy and List of regional parks of Italy. Main articles: Fauna of Italy and Flora of Italy.
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Main article: Demographics of Italy. Main article: Immigration to Italy. Native language. Secondary or non-official language. Italian-speaking minorities. Main article: Religion in Italy. Italy is home to many of the world's largest, oldest and opulent churches. Clockwise from left: Florence Cathedral , which has the biggest brick dome in the world;   St. Peter's Basilica , the largest church of Christendom ;  Milan Cathedral , the largest Italian church and the third largest in the world;  and St Mark's Basilica , one of the best known examples of Italo- Byzantine architecture .
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Retrieved 15 May Retrieved 7 March United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 14 September See Date and time notation in Italy.
Archived from the original on 30 April Retrieved 30 October Archived from the original on 19 May BBC News. Archived from the original on 25 September Encyclopedia of European Peoples. Infobase Publishing. Retrieved 23 February University of Oklahoma Press. OUP Oxford. University of Rennes. Batoche Books. Archived from the original PDF on 7 October Retrieved 29 August National Geographic Traveler: Italy.
National Geographic Books. Palgrave Macmillan. Retrieved 17 December Archived from the original on 7 March Retrieved 19 November All Empires. Archived from the original on 24 February Retrieved 17 June Archived PDF from the original on 28 April Retrieved 15 March World Economic Outlook, April , p.
Archived PDF from the original on 21 April International Organizations and Groups". World Factbook. Archived from the original on 9 April Retrieved 10 April Retrieved 1 August Retrieved 13 June Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge. Council for Research in Values and philosophy. Archived from the original on 22 September Retrieved 22 September Mallory and D. Historia Romana. Athenaeum in Italian 80 : 5— Enciclopedia Italiana. Marcia militare in qualche distanza. Arriva una barca alla sponda; poi entra nella scena una truppa di soldati, accompagnata da uomini e donne.
A boat arrives at the shore. During the following march, a troop of soldiers enters accompanied by townsmen and women. Il fragor di trombe e pifferi, Lo sparar di schioppi e bombe, Forza accresce al braccio e all'anima Vaga sol di trionfar. Bella vita militar! Fiordiligi Mio cor Dorabella Idolo mio Ferrando Mio ben Guglielmo Mia vita Fiordiligi Ah, per un sol momento Ferrando e Guglielmo Abbracciami, idol mio.
Fiordiligi e Dorabella Muoio d'affanno. Dorabella piangendo Due volte ancora Tu scrivimi, se puoi. Ferrando Sii certa, o cara. Guglielmo Non dubitar, mio bene. Fiordiligi Sii costante a me sol Dorabella Serbati fido. Ferrando Addio. Guglielmo Addio. Fiordiligi e Dorabella Addio. Fiordiligi, Dorabella, Ferrando e Guglielmo Mi si divide il cor, bell'idol mio! Soldati e Popolani Bella vita militar! I soldati partono seguiti dagli uomini e dalle donne. Le amanti restano immobili sulla sponda del mare.
Every day a change of scene; Plenty today, little tomorrow, Now on land and now on sea. The sound of trumpets and fifes, The din of guns and shells Lend strength to our arms and our spirits, Longing only for victory. A soldier's life for me! Fiordiligi My love Dorabella My idol Ferrando My dearest Guglielmo My life Fiordiligi Ah, for just a moment Don Alfonso Your regiment's ship Has already left; You'll have to join it With a few friends who await you On a smaller boat.
Ferrando and Guglielmo Embrace me, my love! Fiordiligi and Dorabella My heart is breaking! Dorabella weeping Write me twice as often If you can. Ferrando Never doubt me, my dear! Guglielmo Rest assured, my love! Don Alfonso to himself I'll burst if I don't laugh! Fiordiligi Be true to me alone Dorabella Remain faithful! Ferrando Farewell! Guglielmo Farewell! Fiordiligi and Dorabella Farewell! Fiordiligi, Dorabella, Ferrando and Guglielmo My heart is rent in twain, my love. Soldiers and People A soldier's life for me! During the repetition of the chorus, Ferrando and Guglielmo board the boat which then sails away.
The soldiers march off, followed by the people. Recitativo Dorabella in atto di chi rinviene da un letargo Dove son? Don Alfonso Son partiti. Fiordiligi Oh dipartenza Crudelissima, amara! Don Alfonso Fate core, Carissime figliuole. Facendo moto col fazzoletto Guardate: da lontano Vi fan cenno con mano i cari sposi. Fiordiligi salutando Buon viaggio, mia vita! Dorabella salutando Buon viaggio! Fiordiligi Oh Dei! Come veloce Se ne va quella barca! Deh, faccia il cielo Ch'abbia prospero corso. Dorabella Faccia che al campo giunga Con fortunati auspici.
Don Alfonso E a voi salvi gli amanti, A me gli amici. Recitative Dorabella Where are they? Don Alfonso They've gone. Fiordiligi O most cruel, Bitter parting! Fiordiligi God speed you, my love! Dorabella God speed you! Fiordiligi O heavens! How swiftly their boat Disappears! It's gone already! It's out of sight! Heaven grant it A safe voyage! Dorabella May Heaven protect them too On the field of battle! Don Alfonso Preserve your lovers And my friends. Exeunt Fiordiligi and Dorabella.
Recitativo Don Alfonso Non son cattivo comico! Al concertato loco i due campioni Di Ciprigna e di Marte Mi staranno attendendo: or senza indugio Raggiungerli conviene. Quante smorfie, quante buffonerie! Tanto meglio per me Oh, poverini! Per femmina giocar cento zecchini? Nel mare solca e nell'arena semina E il vago vento spera in rete accogliere Chi fonda sue speranze in cor di femmina. Recitative Don Alfonso I'm not a bad actor! What grimaces, what affectations! All the better for me, They'll fall more easily; People of that kind are the first To change their minds.
Poor fools, To wager a hundred sequins on a woman! Camera gentile con diverse sedie, un tavolino, ecc. Despina sola. A room with various chairs, a table, etc. Three doors: two at the sides, one centre. Despine alone. Per Bacco, vo' assaggiarlo: cospettaccio! Si forbe la bocca Vien gente. Oh ciel, son le padrone! Recitative Despina who is whipping the chocolate What a wretched life A lady's maid leads!
From morning till night working, Sweating and toiling, and after all One's done there's nothing for oneself! I've been beating this for half an hour, And now the chocolate's ready; yet though my tongue's Hanging out, must I just stand and smell it? Aren't my tastes just like yours? O dearest ladies, You have the substance And I only the smell! Damnit, I'm going to try it. She tastes it Delicious! She wipes her mouth Someone's coming! Goodness, it's my ladies! Fiordiligi e Dorabella ch'entrano disperatamente. Despina, Fiordiligi and Dorabella, who enter distractedly. Recitativo Despina presentando il cioccolatte sopra una guantiera Madame, ecco la vostra colazione.
Dorabella gitta tutto a terra Diamine, cosa fate? Fiordiligi Ah! Dorabella Ah! Si cavano entrambe tutti gli ornamenti donneschi ecc. Despina Padrone, dico! Dorabella Ah, scostati! Paventa il tristo effetto D'un disperato affetto: Chiudi quelle finestre Odio la luce, Odio l'aria che spiro Dorabella Oh, terribil disgrazia! Despina Sbrigatevi in buon'ora. Fiordiligi Da Napoli partiti Sono gli amanti nostri. Dorabella Chi sa! Despina come sopra Come, chi sa? Dove son iti? Dorabella Al campo di battaglia.
Despina Tanto meglio per loro: Li vedrete tornar carchi d'alloro. Fiordiligi Ma ponno anche perir. Despina Allora, poi, Tanto meglio per voi. Fiordiligi sorge arrabbiata Sciocca, che dici? Fiordiligi Ah, perdendo Guglielmo Mi pare ch'io morrei! Dorabella Ah, Ferrando perdendo Mi par che viva a seppellirmi andrei!
Per un uomo morir! Altri ve n' hanno Che compensano il danno. Despina Han gli altri ancora Tutto quello ch'hanno essi. Fiordiligi con trasporto di collera Divertirci? Despina Sicuro! Despina Via, via! Passaro i tempi Da spacciar queste favole ai bambini. La ra la, la ra la, la ra la, la. Recitative Despina Despina offers the chocolate on a tray Here's your breakfast, ladies. Dorabella flings it all to the ground Jiminy! What are you doing? Both stripping off all their ornaments. Despina What's happened? Fiordiligi Where is a dagger? Dorabella Where is the poison? Despina Ladies, I beg you!
Dorabella Ah leave me! Flee the dread effect Of a distracted love! Close those windows; I hate the light, I hate the air I breathe, I hate myself. Who mocks at my grief? Who consoles me? Ah fly; leave me alone, for pity's sake! Dorabella O dreadful disaster! Despina Get on with it!
Fiordiligi Our lovers Have left Naples. Despina laughing Is that all? They'll be back. Dorabella Who knows! Despina What do you mean, who knows? Where have they gone? Dorabella To the field of battle! Despina So much the better for them: You'll see them return crowned with laurel. Fiordiligi But they might be killed! Despina Why then, So much the better for you. Fiordiligi rises angrily Fool, what are you saying? Despina The simple truth: you lose these two But all the rest are left.
Fiordiligi Ah, without Guglielmo, I think I'd die! Dorabella Ah, without Ferrando I think I'd bury myself alive! Despina Splendid! That's what you think, but you wouldn't; No woman yet has ever died for love. Die for a man? There's lots more Where he came from. Dorabella And do you believe anyone could love Another man who once had had A Guglielmo, a Ferrando for lover? Despina The others have everything That these have. You love this man now; So you'd love another: One's as good as the other Since neither's worth a thing.
But we won't go into that; They're still alive And will come back alive; But they're far away, And rather than Waste time in idle tears, Think about enjoying yourselves. Fiordiligi Enjoying ourselves? Despina Certainly! And what's more, Making love furiously, as your Dear gentlemen will be doing on active service!
Dorabella Don't insult those pure souls like this, Those models of fidelity and perfect love. Despina Go on with you! The times are past For spinning such tales even to babies! All of them Are made of the same stuff; The quivering leaves, The inconstant breezes Have more stability Than men. In us they only prize Their own pleasure; Then they despise us, Deny us affection, And from such tyrants There's no mercy to be had.
We woman should pay out This hurtful, Impudent breed In their own coin; Let's love them To suit our convenience and our vanity! All go out. Recitativo Don Alfonso Che silenzio! Che aspetto di tristezza Spirano queste stanze. Temo un po' per Despina: quella furba Potrebbe riconoscerli; potrebbe Rovesciarmi le macchine.
Ma, per esser sicuro, si potria Metterla in parte a parte del segreto Despina Chi batte? Don Alfonso Oh! Despina Ih! Esce dalla sua stanza Don Alfonso Despina mia, di te Bisogno avrei. Despina Ed io niente di lei. Don Alfonso Ti vo' fare del ben. Don Alfonso mostrandole una moneta d 'oro Parla piano, ed osserva.
Despina Me la dona? Despina E che vorebbe? Son qua. Don Alfonso Prendi ed ascolta. Sai che le tue padrone Han perduti gli amanti. Despina Lo so. Don Alfonso Tutti i lor pianti, Tutti i deliri loro anco tu sai. Despina So tutto. Don Alfonso Or ben, se mai Per consolarle un poco E trar, come diciam, Chiodo per chiodo, Tu ritrovassi il modo Da metter in lor grazia Due soggetti di garbo Che vorrieno provar Despina Non mi dispiace Questa proposizione. Ma con quelle buffone Son belli?
LEARN ITALIAN AT THE CHAMBER
E, sopra tutto, Hanno una buona borsa I vostri concorrenti? Li vuoi veder? Despina E dove son? Li posso far entrar? Don Alfonso fa entrar gli amanti, che son travestiti. Recitative Don Alfonso How silent! What an air of sorrow These rooms wear! Poor dears! It's not really their fault; They need consolation; Until their two credulous lovers Appear disguised, As I instructed them, Let's see what can be done. I'm a bit worried about Despina; That little baggage might recognise them; She could upset the apple? Let's see?
But to be certain, it might be best To let her into a part of the secret. That's a splendid idea! Here's her room. Despina Who's that? She comes out Don Alfonso Despina my dear, I have need of you. Despina Well, I haven't of you. Don Alfonso I mean you well. Despina An old man like you Can do nothing for a girl. Don Alfonso showing her a gold coin Drop your voice and look here!
Despina Are you giving me it? Don Alfonso Yes, if you'll do what I ask. Despina And what do you want? Gold is my undoing. Don Alfonso And you shall have it If I can trust you. Despina Is that all? I'm ready. Don Alfonso Take it, then; now listen. You know your mistresses Have lost their lovers.
Despina I know. Don Alfonso And you know Of all their weeping and wailing. Despina I know it all. Don Alfonso All right: If, to console them A little and, as they say, To replace like with like, You were to find a way Of bringing to their favour Two presentable fellows Who are anxious to try You take my meaning There's another, twenty scudi for you If you bring it off. Despina I've nothing against this proposition. But with those sillies Well, listen: These suitors of yours, Are they young?
Are they handsome? And, above all, Have they plenty of money? Don Alfonso They have everything Which could please ladies of taste. Do you want to see them? Despina Where are they? Don Alfonso Just here: Shall I call them in? Despina That's all right with me. Don Alfonso brings in the lovers, who are disguised. Ferrando e Guglielmo Per la man, che lieto io bacio, Per quei rai di grazia pieni, Fa' che volga a me sereni I begli occhi il mio tesor.
Che vestiti! Che figure! Che mustacchi! Io non so se son Valacchi O se Turchi son costor. Don Alfonso sottovoce a Despina Che ti par di quell'aspetto? Despina sottovoce a Don Alfonso Per parlarvi schietto schietto, Hanno un muso fuor dell'uso, Vero antidoto d'amor. Fiordiligi e Dorabella di dentro Eh, Despina! Despina Le padrone! Don Alfonso a Despina Ecco l'istante! Fa' con arte; io qui m'ascondo. Falli uscire immantinente, O ti fo pentir con lor. Despina, Ferrando e Guglielmo Tutti e tre s'inginocchiano Ah, madame, perdonate!
Fiordiligi e Dorabella Giusti Numi! Cosa sento? Dell'enorme tradimento Chi fu mai l'indegno autor? Despina, Ferrando e Guglielmo Deh, calmante quello sdegno! Tutta piena ho l'alma In petto di dispetto E di furor! Recitativo Don Alfonso dalla porta Che sussurro! Siete pazze, Care le mie ragazze? Volete sollevar il vicinato? Dorabella con furore Oh, ciel!
Mirate: Uomini in casa nostra? Fiordiligi con fuoco Che male? In questo giorno! Dopo il caso funesto! Don Alfonso Stelle! Sogno o son desto? Amici miei, Miei dolcissimi amici! Voi qui? Quanto ne godo! Ferrando Amico Don Alfonso! Guglielmo Amico caro! Si abbracciano con trasporto Don Alfonso Oh la bella improvvisata! Despina a Don Alfonso Li conoscete voi? Don Alfonso Se li conosco! Fiordiligi E in casa mia che fanno? Guglielmo Ai vostri piedi Due rei, due delinquenti, ecco madame! Dorabella Numi, che sento! Ferrando Amor, il Nume Vista appena la luce Di vostre fulgidissime pupille Che alle vive faville Farfallette amorose e agonizzanti Vi voliamo davanti Ed ai lati, ed a retro Ferrando e Guglielmo Fiordiligi Stelle!
Che ardir! Dorabella Sorella, che facciamo? Fiordiligi Temerari, sortite Despina esce impaurita Fuori di questo loco, e non profani L'alito infausto degli infami detti Nostro cor, nostro orecchio e nostri affetti! Rispettate, anime ingrate, Quest'esempio di costanza; E una barbara speranza Non vi renda audaci ancor! Van per partire. Guglielmo a Dorabella Ah, barbare, restate! Don Alfonso sottovoce a Guglielmo Aspettate. Dorabella con fuoco E che pretendereste? Don Alfonso Eh, nulla Che un pochin di dolcezza Alfin son galantuomini, E sono amici miei.
Fiordiligi Come! E udire dovrei Felici rendeteci, Amate con noi; E noi felicissime Faremo anche voi. Guardate, Toccate, Il tutto osservate: Siam forti e ben fatti, E come ognun vede, Sia merto, sia caso, Abbiamo bel piede, Bell'occhio, bel naso; Guardate, bel piede, osservate, bell'occhio, Toccate, bel naso, il tutto osservate: E questi mustacchi Chiamare si possono Trionfi degli uomini, Pennacchi d'amor.
Fiordiligi e Dorabella partono con collera. Ferrando and Guglielmo By those hands, which with joy I kiss, By that smile so full of charm, Make my treasure turn on me Her clear and lovely eyes. Despina laughing, to herself What sights! What clothes! What faces! What moustaches!
I wonder what they are Wallachians or Turks. Don Alfonso aside, to Despina What do you think of their appearance? Despina to Don Alfonso To be quite frank, They're exceptional in their ugliness, Enough to make one renounce love. Ferrando, Guglielmo and Don Alfonso Now the plan is quite decided; If she doesn't recognise us, There's no more need to fear. Despina Fiordiligi e Dorabella from within Oh Despina! Despina The ladies! Don Alfonso to Despina Now's the moment! Use your wits: I'll hide in here. He hides Fiordiligi and Dorabella coming out of their rooms Impudent baggage!
What are you doing with those people? Turn them out at once, Or you'll be as sorry for it as they. Despina, Ferrando and Guglielmo All three kneel Ah, ladies, pardon! See at your lovely feet Two wretches languishing, Tortured with love by your beauty.